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Medical detox is specified as a medically monitored procedure of medications administered to the patient during detox. In medical detox, an assessment is completed to evaluate medical history and any ongoing issues or medication requirements.
The medical detox procedure begins by administration of medications in steadily decreased amounts to taper the drug slowly from the body to control the detoxification process. It is important to maintain a slow, managed pace through detox to reduce the effects and lessen the strain on the body. Begin planning your treatment today by getting expert advice from DrugAddictionCenter.org . Call 844-503-8222 now.
Why Home Detox is Dangerous
Attempting detox in the home can be dangerous. Detox should only be done with proper supervision and monitoring by medical personnel. Withdrawal symptoms associated with the detoxification process have the potential to be very serious and cannot properly be anticipated in the home. An alcoholic’s chance of success is greatly diminished without an appropriate medically assisted detox process.
Types of detox programs:
- Natural – “Cold turkey” is completed without medication or tapering of the addiction. Should be done in a supervised inpatient setting.
- Medicated detox – Symptoms are managed with medication to ease patient through the detox process.
- Medical detox – Patient is tapered off of alcohol/drug, or replacement drug therapy is used to slow and control the process. This form of detox is well-suited for alcohol detox.
- Inpatient/Residential – This is medically supervised care, 24 hours a day.
- Outpatient – Patients on an outpatient basis are most often on a tapering schedule using medications to replace the alcohol or drug. Use with alcohol is most often utilized with Antabuse to keep the patient from drinking. This detox method is most often seen with long-term methadone and suboxone medical treatments for opiate detox. Detox can take months to complete using this method.
Examples of withdrawal symptoms associated with detox:
- Meth (methamphetamine) – Withdrawal symptoms are primarily mental or psychological. Symptoms include anxiety, agitation, insomnia, severe drug cravings, and at times, psychotic behavior.
- OxyContin (oxycodone) – OxyContin effects the pleasure centers of the brain. Addiction to an opiate is a result of tolerance. Withdrawal symptoms include sedative/hypnotic effects, headache, rash, dry mouth, constipation, dizziness, sweating, nausea/vomiting, and seizures.
- Alcohol withdrawal – Alcohol is a depressant and withdrawal symptoms tend to appear as opposites to the depressant effect. The most common symptoms are anxiety, agitation, seizures, tremors, and irritability. Less common and more dangerous is DT’s (delirium tremens). These symptoms are severe, and can be life-threatening.
- Heroin – Heroin is an opiate. It blocks the sensation of pain and produces a depressant effect. Withdrawal symptoms noted are: cravings, sweating, fever, leg cramps, muscle aches, runny nose, nausea and vomiting, and insomnia.
Medical personnel at the treatment center of choose will administer treatment medication for withdrawal and detox if needed for serious withdrawal. Some medications used for treatment include:
- Suboxone (buprenorphine and naloxone) – A partial opioid agonist indicated for treatment of opioid dependence.
- Methadone – An opioid, methadone reduces withdrawal symptoms and is used as a replacement drug for heroin during detoxification. It is also used during detox for other opiate drugs.
- Naltrexone (Naltrexone hydrochloride) – Naltrexone is a pure opioid antagonist. It works by blocking the effects of opioids.
- Antabuse (disulfiram) – Is used in cases of chronic alcohol abuse. Antabuse disrupts an enzyme that works with metabolizing alcohol. It is used to keep alcoholics from drinking by creating unpleasant side-effects such as nausea, vomiting, cramping, and more.
How does Medical Detox Trigger Relapse Without Treatment?
Detox doesn’t treat other elements of addiction such as the behavioral, psychological, and emotional components. Without proper addiction treatment, the addict is unprepared to manage many of the everyday situations and issues that they will face. Every aspect of the addict’s life will pose environmental and social triggers that tend to sabotage recovery without the tools, guidance, support, and education provided by treatment.
Inpatient treatment offers the safest and highest level of care when you, or a loved one, needs treatment for addiction. Detox is a vital first step that is best managed by medically supervised personnel. Residential treatment offers a wide range of programs to treat addiction with a multi-dimension approach that will increase the chance of overall success.